SHORT-TERM // FORECAST

15-Minute to 5-Days

Data Inputs: Operational Models + Ensembles-Lite

Driven By: Observations & High-Resolution Models

Applications: Significant Weather Events, Floods, Alerts

MEDIUM-RANGE // FORECAST

3-Days to 6-Weeks

Data Inputs: Operational Models, Ensembles, Climate, Models, Stochastics

Driven By: Global Ensembles

Applications: Flood Outlooks, Agriculture, Snowmelt

LONG-RANGE // FORECAST

1-Month to 1-Year

Data Inputs: Climate Models, Climatology, Teleconnections

Driven By: Climate Forecasts, Historical Resampling

Applications: Decision Support, Optimization, Planning

ANNUAL-PLUS // FORECAST

1-Year to MultiDecadal

Data Inputs: Global Climate Models, Teleconnections

Driven By: Climate Model Output

Applications: Multi-Year Planning, Dam Certification, Climate Change Impacts Assessment, Risk

SITE-SPECIFIC // MODELS

Resolution: High-Resolution (e.g., Sub-Hourly, 1-Meter)

Project Length: 1 Month to 6 Months

Total Project Cost: $50K to $150K

Products: Design Storm and Calibration Storm Analyses, Climatologies (SWE, Precipitation, Soil Moisture, Freezing Levels), Frequency (Precipitation, Inflow, Volume, Water Elevation)

REGIONAL // MODELS

Resolution: Mid-Resolution (e.g., Sub-Daily, Kilometer)

Project Length: 3 Months to 2 Years

Total Project Cost: $150K to $300K

Products: Storm Analyses, Daily Time Series, Climatology, Stochastic Resampling, Frequency Analyses, Probabilistic/Risk-Based Elements

CONUS // MODELS

Resolution: Low-Resolution (e.g., Daily, 12-Kilometer)

Project Length: 18 Months to 5 Years

Total Project Cost: $250K – $1M

Products: Monthly Time Series, Climatology, Forecast-Assisted Resampling, Seasonal Statistical Summaries, Decision Support Tools

GLOBAL // MODELS

Resolution: Coarse-Resolution (Monthly, 32-Kilometer)

Project Length: Multi-Year

Total Project Cost: $500K-$5M+

Products: Annual Time Series, Climatology, Projection-Based Simulations, Annual Statistical Summaries, Planning Horizon Tools